Here is a checklist that will maximize your chances of getting
heard and respect the listener's time.
1. Never send more than three songs unless specifically
requested otherwise. Demo listeners like watching the
"in" pile diminish and the "out" pile grow as quickly as possible.
If the listener has a limited time to listen, which is usually
the case, the tendency is to listen to a tape/CD they know
they can complete. So if you send a demo with ten songs on
it and someone else's demo has one song, you can bet that
the "out" pile will grow quickly with one-song demos. There's
also the psychology that implies, "I've sent you the song
you need!" This is particularly true in pitching songs to
producers for a specific artist. Along those same lines, most
people resent getting tapes/CDs with 20 songs and a letter
that says, "I know you'll like at least one of these, so just
pick out what you want." They want you to do that and send
them three songs or less. songs you totally believe in. If
you're not far enough along to be able to decide, you're not
ready. When sending CDs with more than three songs, highlight
three you want the listener to focus on first, and include
the numbers of the cuts in your cover letter and lyric sheets
(so they have a reference while the CD is on their player
and they can't see the label). If they like those, they'll
listen to the others. And please, remove the shrink-wrap!
2. Place your best and most commercial song first.
If you have a strong up-tempo song it's a good bet to start
with that. If they don't like the first one, it may be the
only shot you get. If you're sending a cassette, put all the
songs on the same side and put the label only on the "play"
3. Never send your original master tape or CD. You
may never see it again and it's not fair to saddle its recipient
with responsibility for it.
4. Always cue your tape to the beginning of the first
song. You don't want the person to start listening in
a bad mood because you just wasted his time making him rewind
your tape. When you make your copies, leave four seconds between
songs. Most cassette decks have an automatic search feature,
which finds the silence between songs, stops the fast-forward
and automatically starts playing the next song. Obviously,
this isn't a problem with CDs. If your CD contains more than
the first four you want heard, clearly mark on the on the
CD and printed insert, which ones you want them to hear.
5. Send a lyric sheet, neatly typed or printed. Letterhead
is impressive. It says "This is my business and I take it
seriously." Some don't like to look at lyrics while they listen,
but most do. It's a time saver to be able to see it all at
once and to see the structure of the song graphically laid
out on the page. Lead sheets (with melody and lyric together)
are not sent out with demos. They're good to have at the point
where a producer wants to record your song and you want to
be sure he/she has the correct melody, but since the current
copyright law permits tapes/CDs to be sent for copyright registration,
their importance has diminished. Lead sheets are bulky to
mail, it's too difficult to follow the lyric and visualize
the song's form, and many industry pros don't read music anyway.
It also pegs you as a songwriter over 50 who has no experience
in submitting demos since this practice went out of style
about 25 years ago.
When you type out your lyric
sheet, separate the sections of the songs with a space and
label each one (verse, chorus, bridge etc.) at the upper left
side of the section. Do not type your lyrics in prose fashion.
Lay them out with the rhymes at the ends of the lines so the
structure and rhyme schemes of the song can be seen immediately.
6. Make sure there's a copyright notice (© 2003 I.B.
Cool, All Rights Reserved) on the bottom of the lyric sheet
and on the tape or CD label. Technically, this isn't necessary
but it alerts everyone that your song is protected, whether
it's registered or not.
7. Cover letters should be short and to the point.
Let the music speak for itself and avoid hype. A professional
presentation will do more to impress someone than "I know
these are hit songs because they're better than anything I've
ever heard on the radio," or "I just know that we can both
make a lot of money if you'll publish these songs." Avoid
the temptation to tell your life story, and don't explain
how you have a terminal disease, you're the sole support of
your 10 children and if these songs don't get recorded they'll
all be homeless or worse. In fact, don't plead, apologize
or show any hint of desperation. It only gives the message
that you have no confidence in the ability of the songs to
stand on their own.
Here's what should be in your cover letter:
a. It should be addressed to a specific person in the
b. It should state your purpose in sending the demo.
Are you looking for a publisher, a producer, a record deal
for you as an artist? Do you want the listener to pay special
attention to your production, your singing, your band, or
just the song? Is it targeted for a specific artist?
c. List any significant professional credits that apply
to the purpose of your submission. If you want your song published,
list other published or recorded songs, contests won, etc.
If you're a performer submitting an artist demo, resist the
temptation to grab at weak credits: "I played at the same
club that (famous star) played." Tell them what drives you,
what inspires you. Keep it short. List real sales figures.
d. Include any casting ideas you might have if you're
pitching to other artists.
e. Ask for feedback if you want it. Odds are you won't
get it but give it a shot.
f. List the songs enclosed and writers' names in the
order they appear on the tape/CD. (Lyric sheets should also
be enclosed in the same order the songs appear on the demo.)
g. Thank them for their time and attention. h. Include
your address, phone number, Web site URL and e-mail address
(if you have one).
8. Send a self-addressed stamped envelope (SASE) if you
want your tape or CD back. There are two schools of thought
about this. On the pro SASE side, if you don't want to lose
all those tapes/CDs, you can't expect to get them back without
it. There's another school of thought, though, that if you
say you want it back, you're assuming they won't like it.
There's no guarantee that you'll get them back even if you
do send a SASE, in which case you're gambling even more money,
and worse could happen than your tape or CD sitting around
a producer's office.
9. Your name, address and phone number should be on the
tape or CD, box, and on every lyric sheet. It seems like
such a common sense request. In fact it would be embarrassing
to even suggest that you might forget to do it if I didn't
see it happen constantly. The problem on this end is that,
between listening sessions at the office, the car, and home,
it's so easy to separate the tape from the box or lyric sheet.
Once they've gone to the trouble to find your hit song, not
finding you is a fate they don't deserve.
10. Be sure you have adequate postage. Also, don't
send your tape in an ordinary stationery envelope. It's risky
because rough postal handling could force the edge of the
tape box through the envelope. Use a special envelope with
an insulated lining. Some people also prefer the soft "bubble"
tape box because it doesn't have sharp edges and it's lighter
to mail. CDs have an obvious advantage in this respect as
there are very lightweight sleeves available for them. Having
said that, jewel boxes are preferred because , hopefully,
they can stack it on a shelf and read the label on the edge
if they decide to keep it.
The main thing to remember
is to make your demo submission as easy as possible to deal
Using the Internet: Your Demo as Audio File
An increasingly popular strategy is sending your demo
as an audio file. It's rare these days that a record company,
producer or manager doesn't have a high-speed Internet access
line. Obviously, many of the above suggestions don't apply
to sound files.
Giant Records A&R Executive,
Craig Coburn says (footnote: Music Connection Magazine Vol.
XXV #1 01/01/01): "In the future, I would love to see people
soliciting the record labels whether it's artists, managers
or lawyers - using the Internet. I'd like them to send me
a letter asking me to check out their web site rather than
sending me the music.
We're not getting that many
electronic submissions yet and I'd like to. When I'm talking
to people, I encourage them to send MP3's The Quality of MP3
is not exactly up to the quality of a CD, but it's absolutely
close enough for an A&R person to hear the music and to know
if it's something that excites us or not."
The most popular formats are
MP3 and RealAudio. The fidelity is not quite CD quality but
still adequate to show them what you do. There are a couple
different procedures for this:
Send an E-mail with the audio
file attached. Follow the suggestions listed above for cover
letter. Include phone number(s). Also include your Web site
address so they can click it and go directly to it. When they
get to your site, they'll hopefully find additional bio material,
photos and lyrics. Just send them an e-mail intriguing enough
to get them to go to your site and hear your music there.
Indie marketing guru Tim Sweeney
suggests that because of the limited amount of time someone
may want to spend at any site and the degree of difficulty
their online access speeds may present, it's important to
help them decide quickly which of your songs may be of most
interest to them. You can help by providing a short description
like this one provided on the site of Franklin Spicer and
Valerie Ford's Pegasus Project, a soft jazz, world music group.
"The first song Franklin ever
heard from Val was a reggae tune she had recorded called One
People. He really liked the positive message and the infectious
chorus. Franklin talked her into doing a rewrite and making
it a Pegasus Project tune. They wanted to share a positive
message of how we all are part of one global family. This
song was shaped from a number of African musical influences,
including the Tuku style. The huge chorus backup vocals were
done in two days of recording using seven different singers."
Note that the description includes
information on the style, what it's about, why it was written
and how it was recorded. Their site also includes lyrics to
all the songs.
Your demo will introduce you
to the eyes and ears of many music industry professionals.
Take this introduction very seriously. It's your job interview.
It should look good, have something important to say, and
say it well, There are a lot of other applicants for the job.
The pros are looking for the best. Be it!
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